Situation: Team A has just received their ninth (9) point and with the next service, Team A loses and a side-out is call. Team B receives one point and their score is frozen giving Team B twelve (12) points. Team B loses service and side-out is called. Team A receives one point and their score is now frozen giving Team A ten (10) points. Team A loses service and side-out is called. Team B does not receive a point for side-out.
Ruling: Team A and Team B can only score points during side-outs before their scores are frozen, after which points must be earned by winning the service.
Situation: Team A has just served their fifteenth (15) point with the score resulting in Team A fifteen (15), Team B fourteen (14).
Ruling: Team A must score one more point to be declared winner of the game..
Comment: Play shall continue until one team has a two (2) point advantage and a minimum of fifteen (15) points.
Situation: During a volley a player from Team A:
a. Loses a contact lens.
b. Breaks a knee brace.
c. Hits a ball that shatters a light fixture over either Teams side.
Ruling: In (a), (b) and (c) the referee will call for time-out to make repairs. This would not be charged to either team. After repairs and corrections are made the referee shall declare a replay.
Comment: At all times the player's safety is the primary importance.
NUMBER OF TIME-OUTS:
Situation: Team A calls it's second time-out and after twenty (20) seconds Team A terminates the time-out period before the sixty (60) second time-out had expired. Team B decides not to resume play until the entire sixty (60) second time-out has expired.
Ruling: Illegal. Team B must return to play after Team A terminates it’s time-out.
Comment: If Team B did not return to play immediately after Team A terminated it’s time-out. The Team B would be at fault and the referee could penalize Team B with rule “3.10 DELAYING THE GAME”.FAILURE TO RETURN TO GAME AFTER TIME-OUT EXPIRES:
Situation: Team B calls it's first time-out and after the sixty second time out expired the referee charged Team B with and additional sixty (60) second Time-out.
Ruling: The referee should call a delay of game on Team B. Team B did not return to the game immediately after the signal ending the first time-out, therefore Team B was sanctioned with a delay of game.
Comment: If Team B was calling it’s second time-out and did not return to the game immediately after the signal ending the second time-out, Team B would be penalized with a side-out, if Team B was in position of serve Team A would receive a point if it was in position of serve.
Situation: Team A requires a two (2) minute time-out to go over a defensive move..
Ruling: Legal. Team A is then charged with two (2) time-out periods.
Comment: If Team A was already charged with a time-out during that game, then point or side-out is awarded Team B for delay of game by Team A.
Situation: A player on Team B injures her ankle, the referee interrupts play. Team B’s player is ready to play:
a.) Within five (5) minutes.
b.) After five (5) minutes.
Ruling: Both (a) and (b) are legal. (a) No time-out is charged; (b) a time-out is charged Team B.
Comment: If the coach realizes the player will not be able to play within the five (5) minute time allotment, he must substitute to avoid the charged time-out.
RULES OF PLAY:
Situation: Team A discovers an error in their service order after the line-ups have been verified by the referee but before the start of the games.
Ruling: Illegal. No changes can be made once the line-ups are officially verified.
CHOICE OF COURT SIDE OR SERVICE IN A DECIDING GAME:
Situation: Team A and Team B split, and each has one win, the referee calls the captains for the coin toss to decide choice. Team A wins the toss and takes the choice of side, giving Team B the first service.
Ruling: Legal. All deciding games in a match, must be have a coin toss to decide which team will choose side or service.
Comment: In the case a coin is unavailable any fair deciding method acceptable by the Tournament/League Director or the two play team captains may be substituted.
INTERRUPTIONS IN PLAY :
Situation: A substitute player from Team A accidentally drops a knee pad down onto the playing court from the viewing area above, during a very important play.
Comment: Play shall stop immediately, object removed from the court, therefore, no apparent danger to players.TIME BETWEEN GAMES AND DELAYING THE GAME:
Situation: Following the first game, Team A returns to the floor and is ready to play after 30 seconds has elapsed. Team B is not in position to play until:
a) One (1) minute has expired.
b) Two (2) minutes have expired.
c) Two (2) minutes and five seconds have expired.
Ruling: Both (a) and (b) are legal, but (c) is unnecessary and a delay of game by Team B.
Comment: If both teams are ready, the referee may begin play before two (2) minutes have elapsed between games. In situation 3, a time-out is assessed Team B with only one time-out remaining during that game.
CEILING IN PLAY OR IN BOUNDS :
Situation: On their third hit, Team B sends the ball into the spectators' gallery..
Ruling: Point or side-out will be called.
Situation: On their second play, Team B hits the ceiling during a volley to the opponent before leaving the court area.
Ruling: Point or side-out will be called.
Comment: The ball hitting the ceiling during a volley to the opponent is out-of-bounds.
REFEREE AND HIS DUTIES:
Situation: After Team A scores a point, it is brought to the attention of the referee, by the captain of Team B, that during a rally a player from Team A touched the net during an attempted block.
Ruling: Even though it is illegal the foul was not seen by the referee, so no penalty shall be assessed. The point stands.
Situation: The referee notices the captain of Team B requests to have the serving order checked several times during the game.
Ruling: Legal. It is the captain’s right to check serving order.
Comment: The referee may refuse on the basis he/she thinks Team B is doing this to interfere with the momentum of Team A, or Team B’s using this as an additional time-out to plan game strategy.
PRELIMINARY SERVICE ACTION:
Situation: The server is acknowledged with the score from the referee. The server, bounces the ball two (2) times and then lightly the server tosses the ball in the air to serve.
Ruling: Legal, as long as the server executes the serve within five (5) seconds..
Situation: The server is acknowledged with the score from the referee. The server tosses the ball and decides it is not a good toss. The server catches the ball, bounces it two (2) times and tosses the ball the second time prior to the serve.
Ruling: Illegal, the moment the ball is caught after the first toss, there is a service fault and point or side-out is called.
Comment: After the ball is tossed, the next contact is the service action.
PLAYER CONTACT WITH THE NET:
Situation: In an attempt to block the ball, a player's shoulder on Team B hits the net. The net was pushed into the player from Team B by a shot from Team A.
Ruling: Legal. The net contact with the player’s body was due to the ball driven with such force that it caused the net to touch the player.
REACHING OVER THE NET:
Situation: A player on Team A reaches over the net to execute a block.
Comment: Players attempting a block may reach across the net but shall not contact the ball until an opponent strikes the ball in an attempt to send it back into the opponent's court.
BALL CROSSING THE VERTICAL PLANE OF THE NET:
Situation: Team A’s second play has caused the ball to have passed partially under the net, when it is interfered with unintentionally by Team B. Team A is attempting to play the ball a third time.
Ruling: Illegal, net foul if is called, interference on Team B.
BALL DIRECTLY ABOVE THE VERTICAL PLANE OF THE NET:
Situation: On Team B’s second hit a player sets the ball directly above the net allowing Team A’s player to spike the ball to the floor.
Ruling: Legal. A ball directly above the vertical plane of the net may be played by either team.
SUCCESSIVE CONTACT WITH THE BALL BY A PLAYER:
Situation: A player on Team A saves a spiked ball so it deflects off her hand to her biceps and shoulder..
Ruling: Legal. Successive contact is permitted when recovering a hard driven spike..
Situation: A player on Team A spikes the ball. it is deflected by a player on Team B and saved by another player on Team B who allows the ball to deflect from hand to shoulder..
Ruling: Illegal, double hit is called.
Comment: Multiple contacts by the player in an attempt to save the spike is permitted only if it is the first play for the player’s team.
SIMULTANEOUS CONTACT WITH THE BALL BY BLOCKER:
Situation: A player blocks a ball, then hits it again to their teammate, who sets it back to another teammate, who then spikes the ball.
Ruling: Legal. The play was executed with three (3) hits.
Situation: A player on Team A spikes the ball, but at the instant the ball hits the floor on Team B’s side of the court, the spiker contacts the net.
Ruling: Double fault. The referee shall call a replay.
Comment: Team B’s failure to return the ball is a foul, as is the net foul by the player, Because they occur at the same instant, the proper call is double fault.
DURING PLAY FAULTS:
Situation: A player on Team B sets the serve with an open hand finger set to a teammate who then spikes the ball across the net.
Ruling: Illegal. A player cannot receive the serve with an open hand finger set to set the serve.
SCORE: Situation: Team A has just received point ( 13 ) with an ace on Team B. Team A calls out the score, "13 to 7. Team B sides out and calls out the score incorrectly, "12 to 8". It should have been called out, "13 to 8" but nobody caught the call. Team A sides out and calls the score, "12 to 8". Another player corrects him and reminds the players about the ace. Ruling: The score is corrected to the correct score. Comments: You can not change the score by calling it out incorrectly even though play has continued.
Situation: Team A is getting ready to serve to Team B. There are 3 players on each team. A player on Team B stands on the center line under the net with part of his body in Team A's court making it so Team A can not stand at the net. Ruling: Interference. Comments: Both teams have the right to stand at the net as long as they don't block the view of the serve receiver and you can not place any body part in the other teams court to move the opposing players.
OPPONENTS COMMITTING FAULTS AT THE SAME TIME: When opposing players commit faults at approximately the same time, the team that committed the fault first shall be penalized. If the referee cannot decide which team committed the fault first, a double fault will be declared.
DURING PLAY FAULTS: Any of the following committed during play by a player or a team shall count as a fault:
a) The ball is played more than three (3) times consecutively by a team.
b) The ball touches the ceiling on the opponent’s side.
c) The ball hits two (2) or more walls consecutively on the receiving team’s side.
d) The ball hits the back wall on a fly or volley on the receiving team’s side.
e) The ball hits the floor on the court.
f) The ball is hit twice by the same player consecutively.
g) The net is touched by a player while the ball is in play.
h) A player crosses the center line and touches an opponent.
i) The ball contacts a player below the waist.
j) A player illegally handles the ball, such as holding, throwing or pushing.
k) The ball lands outside the court or in the spectator’s gallery.
l) A personal penalty is called on a player.
m) A game is delayed.
n) A substitution is made illegally.
o) An illegal block is attempted.
p) Players purposely distract the opponents.
q) A time-out exceeds 60 seconds.
r) A player illegally assists a teammate.
s) A player attempts to spike the serve.
The referee will supervise warm-up periods. If the captains elect to have separate warm-up periods the serving team having use of the court for the first three (3) minutes and the receiving team for the second three minutes. If the captains elect to warm-up together on the court, the referee shall allow six minutes. If a team decides not to use its time on the court, the court shall remain unoccupied.
The referee will record and verify serving order.
When the lineups are verified and teams are ready, the referee will call the score to beckon the first service to begin.
Substitutions shall be requested by either the head coach or the team captain, when the referee accepts the substation the substitute may enter the court and the referee records the action.
At the end of the game, if another game is needed, there will be a two (2) minute rest period. If the next game is a deciding game a five (5) minute rest period will be allowed.
SUCCESSIVE CONTACT WITH THE BALL BY A PLAYER: A player shall not make successive contacts with the ball except when playing a hard driven spiked ball, provided there is no finger action used during the effort and the ball is not held or thrown. Successive contact with the spiked ball shall count as one attempt to play the ball. A hard driven spike can be played off the wall(s).
MISHANDLED OR HELD BALL: A ball coming to rest momentarily in the hands, arms or any other area above the player's waist, or against the wall(s), shall be considered as having been held. The ball must be hit in such a manner that it rebounds cleanly after contact with a player. Scooping, lifting, pushing or carrying the ball with one or two hands or arms either underhand or overhand, shall be considered to be a form of holding and is a fault, and a side-out or loss of serve will be called.
TEAM OR PLAYER ASSISTANCE: Teammates shall not hold or assist one another while making a play. It shall be legal for a player to hold a teammate not making a play on the ball in order to prevent a fault.
BLOCKING AND SPIKING THE SERVE: It isfor player to block or spike a served ball.
CLIMBING THE WALL: No player shall climb the wall(s) to gain a height advantage while making a play on the ball.
MULTIPLE CONTACTS WITH THE BALL DURING A BLOCK: Multiple contact with the ball between players participating in a block is legal. A player who participates in a block may contact the ball on the next play, since blocking is not considered one of the three (3) hits allowed a team.
DEFLECTION THE BALL OFF THE BACK WALL: If a player contacts the ball in such manner that the ball deflects off the back wall on his side of the court and goes over the net, the ball shall be considered good.
ATTACK SPIKING THE BALL: Any player may spike the ball in 2 or 3 person team play. A player may not attack spike a ball on the opposite side of the net. If the ball is hit above the spiker's side of the net and then the follow-through causes the spiker's hand and arm to cross the net without contacting an opponent, such action does not constitute a fault.
THE BALL SPINNING INTO THE OPPONENT’S COURT AND RETURNING: A ball that spins off the net into an opponent’s court and subsequently returns to the team originally in possession of the ball shall be good, provided it occurred on the first or second contact by the team. If the ball spins off the net on the third hit allowed a team, a side-out will be called. Any team member other than the last player to hit the ball can participate in the second or third hit after a ball that is spinning, enters an opponent's court and returns.
DINKING: A player may dink the ball in any form except with an open hand with finger control of the ball.